Marianne Hoppe

PROFILE | NEWS

Born in Rostock, Hoppe became a leading lady of stage and films in Germany. She was born into a wealthy landowning family and was initially privately educated on her father's private estate. Later she attended school in Berlin and in Weimar, where she began to attend theatre.[1]

Hoppe first performed at 17 as a member of Berlin's Deutsches Theater under director Max Reinhardt. In 1935 she was hired by the controversial German actor and Director of the Prussian State Theatre under the Third Reich, Gustav Gründgens. They were married from 1936-46, until their divorce. Speaking years after the marriage had ended Hoppe stated, "He was my love, but never my great love, that was work."[1]

One of the characters in the film Mephisto was reportedly based on her. Hoppe made no secret of her contacts with the Nazi elite in the 1930s/40s, including being invited to dinner by Hitler.[2] Her role in Der Schimmelreiter (The Rider of the White Horse, 1934) made her famous almost overnight, while her "Aryan" face made her a darling of the Nazi elite.[1] Later Hoppe would label this period of her life as "the black page in my golden book".[1]

During her time acting at the home of the Prussian State Theatre, the Schauspielhaus, Hoppe developed her analytical approach to acting, which she stated consisted in her "taking apart every sentence" and giving the use of language a brilliance. This method was to be associated with Hoppe throughout her working life.[1] In 1946 her only child, Benedikt Johann Percy Gründgens, was born.

Four years later after her divorce from Gründgens, Hoppe had a great success as Blanche Dubois in Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire, and increasingly played avant-garde roles, written by authors such as Heiner Muller (Quartett, 1994) and Thomas Bernhard, who became her partner in private life as well. She became a favourite of the young and iconoclastic directors Claus Peymann, Robert Wilson and Frank Castorf.

Hoppe died in Siegsdorf, Bavaria, in 2002 from natural causes, aged 93. "German theater has lost its queen", said Claus Peymann of the Berliner Ensemble, whose theatre featured Hoppe's last performance, in Bertolt Brecht's Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui, in December 1997.[2] In one of her last interviews Hoppe stated, "I have a go at happiness every day. That takes discipline, a virtue every halfway decent actor should have."

MOVIE CREDITS:
1943: Madeleine - Romanze in Moll
2000: Die Königin - Marianne Hoppe
1941: Franziska Tiemann - Auf Wiedersehn, Franziska
1950: die Frau - Nur eine Nacht
1934: Elke Volkerts - Der Schimmelreiter
1934: Johanna Luerssen - Schwarzer Jäger Johanna
1935: Käthe Liebenow - Die Werft zum Grauen Hecht
1935: Regine Kessler - Anschlag auf Schweda
1935: Hella Bergson - Alles hört auf mein Kommando
1939: Renate Brinkmann - Kongo-Express
1939: Effi Briest - Der Schritt vom Wege
1944: Julia Bach - Ich brauche Dich
1942: Felicitas Iversen - Stimme des Herzens
1954: Helga Dargatter - Der Mann meines Lebens
1988: Thea Ammer - Bei Thea
1983: Marianne - Zwei ausgeflippte Omas
1981: Elisabeth v. Ardenne - Die Baronin - Fontane machte sie unsterblich
1958: Martha Krapp - 13 kleine Esel und der Sonnenhof
1937: Inken Peters - Der Herrscher
1937: Mabel Atkinson - Kapriolen
1933: Ursula Diewen - Heideschulmeister Uwe Karsten
1967: Selma Selig - Die Mission
1949: Irene Scholz - Schicksal aus zweiter Hand
1962: Generalin - Der Walzer der Toreros
1934: Anna - Krach um Jolanthe
1935: Maria Schönborn, Verkäuferin im Blumenhaus Floris - Oberwachtmeister Schwenke
1937: Gabriele Brodersen - Gabriele eins, zwei, drei
1945: Lenore Carius - Das Leben geht weiter
1936: Hester - Eine Frau ohne Bedeutung
1975: Tante Thea - Heiratskandidaten
1975: Präsidentin - Im Hause des Kommerzienrates
1965: Augusta - Das Leben des Horace A.W. Tabor - Ein Stück aus den Tagen der letzten Könige
1966: Madame Hunter - Briefe nach Luzern
1987: Francesca
1964: Edna Selby - Harlekinade
1964: Patricia Taylor - Die Teilnahme
1988: Gräfin Hohenlohe - Schloß Königswald
1933: Josefa - Der Judas von Tirol
1991: Frau Weinstein - Der Tod kam als Freund
1936: Marie - Wenn der Hahn kräht
1962: Henriette Flamm - Rose Bernd
1981: Mutter - Der Richter
1989: Hedwig Schuster - Heldenplatz
1963: Iokasta - König Ödipus
1984: Er-Götz-liches
1962: Mrs. Butler - Der Schatz im Silbersee
1961: Mary Pinder, verw. Moron - Edgar Wallace - Die seltsame Gräfin
1975: Mutter / The Mother - Falsche Bewegung
1967: Herself - Andere Zeiten - andere Sitten
1969: Mrs. Bryant - Tag für Tag
1968: Herzogin von Gloster - König Richard II
1967: Madame Brassac - Der Tod läuft hinterher
1965: Elsa Grohmann - Ten Little Indians
1964: Mrs. Brendel - Die Goldsucher von Arkansas
1965: Die Zeit - Ein Wintermärchen
1948: Johanna Stegen alias Luscha - Das verlorene Gesicht

TV CREDITS:
1969: Johanna Blago - Der Kommissar
1969: Lotte Boszilke - Der Kommissar
1969: Amalie Schöndorf - Der Kommissar
1969: Charlotte Echte - Der Kommissar
1986: Claire Maetzig - Kir Royal
1977: Johanna Martinek - Der Alte
1977: Charlotte Steinburger - Der Alte
1991: Maximiliane - Tassilo - Ein Fall für sich
1998: Sabine Christiansen
1970: Zeugin - Scene of the Crime
1964: Gut gefragt ist halb gewonnen
1989: Geschichten hinterm Deich
1980: Heut' abend
1979: Tante Doda - Die Magermilchbande
1964: herself - Grimme-Preis-Verleihung
1989: Herself - Bayerischer Fernsehpreis (Blauer Panther)
1966: Herself - Goldene Kamera Verleihung
1948: herself - Bambi-Verleihung
1951: Self - Deutscher Filmpreis (Lola)
1979: Self - Bayerischer Filmpreis
1974: herself - III nach neun
1990: herself - Zeil um Zehn